Hierarchical Density-Based Clustering using MapReduce

Hierarchical Density-Based Clustering using MapReduce


Hierarchical density-based clustering is a powerful tool for exploratory data analysis, which can play an important role in the understanding and organization of datasets. However, its applicability to large datasets is limited because the computational complexity of hierarchical clustering methods has a quadratic lower bound in the number of objects to be clustered. MapReduce is a popular programming model to speed up data mining and machine learning algorithms operating on large, possibly distributed datasets. In the literature, there have been attempts to parallelize algorithms such as Single-Linkage, which in principle can also be extended to the broader scope of hierarchical density-based clustering, but hierarchical clustering algorithms are inherently difficult to parallelize with MapReduce. In this paper, we discuss why adapting previous approaches to parallelize Single-Linkage clustering using MapReduce leads to very inefficient solutions when one wants to compute density-based clustering hierarchies. Preliminarily, we discuss one such solution, which is based on an exact, yet very computationally demanding, random blocks parallelization scheme. To be able to efficiently apply hierarchical density-based clustering to large datasets using MapReduce, we then propose a different parallelization scheme that computes an approximate clustering hierarchy based on a much faster, recursive sampling approach. This approach is based on HDBSCAN*, the state-of-the-art hierarchical density-based clustering algorithm, combined with a data summarization technique called data bubbles. The proposed method is evaluated in terms of both runtime and quality of the approximation on a number of datasets, showing its effectiveness and scalability.



  • System : i3 Processor
  • Hard Disk : 500 GB.
  • Monitor : 15’’ LED
  • Input Devices : Keyboard, Mouse
  • Ram :1 GB


  • Operating system : Windows 7/UBUNTU.
  • Coding Language : Java 1.7 ,Hadoop 0.8.1
  • IDE : Eclipse
  • Database : MYSQL


Joelson A. dos Santos, Talat Iqbal Syedy, Murilo C. Naldiz, Ricardo J. G. B. Campellox, J¨org Sander, “Hierarchical Density-Based Clustering using MapReduce”, IEEE Transactions on Big Data, 2019.

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