An efficient WSN based solution for border surveillance

An efficient WSN based solution for border surveillance


Since a long time, the integrity of physical borders is seen as a challenging concern. Indeed, governments have to facilitate travelling and trade so that economies continue to grow while preventing the entry of dangerous entities. To this aim, several conventional techniques were enforced to secure borders in the recent past. However, due to the immensity of the area to be monitored, such solutions require an intensive human involvement and high maintenance costs. This advocated to use new technologies, such as Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), to reduce the costs and improve the efficiency of the border surveillance system. Although using and combining these technologies has been already addressed in different existing solutions, it still some key points to be considered like energy efficiency, load balancing and redundancy elimination. In this paper, we first propose a multilayer hybrid architecture based on cameras, scalar sensors, radars and UAVs to design a border surveillance system. Then, a detailed deployment strategy is discussed. Finally, an activation scheduling strategy based on load balancing and energy saving is addressed. The simulation results show that our solution could not only detect the intrusion in border areas, but also outperforms the other solutions by managing efficiently the network and extending its lifetime.



  • System : Pentium Dual Core.
  • Hard Disk : 120 GB.
  • Monitor : 15’’ LED
  • Input Devices : Keyboard, Mouse
  • Ram : 1 GB


  • Operating system : UBUNTU/Windows XP/7
  • Implementation : NS2
  • NS2 Version : 2.28
  • Front End : OTCL (Object Oriented Tool Command  Language)
  • Tool : Cygwin (To simulate in Windows OS)


Mohamed Lamine Laouira, Abdelkrim Abdelli, Jalel Ben othman and Hyunbum Kim, “An efficient WSN based solution for border surveillance”, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing, 2019.

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