An IoT-Aware Architecture for Smart Healthcare Systems

  • February 5, 2016
  • Blog
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BASE PAPER TITLE:

An IoT-Aware Architecture for Smart Healthcare Systems

OUR PROPOSED TITLE:

M2M: MULTIPLE PATIENT HEALTH MONITORING FROM ONE PLACE USING POWER LINE COMMUNICATION

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M2M: MULTIPLE PATIENT HEALTH MONITORING FROM ONE PLACE USING POWER LINE COMMUNICATION

ABSTRACT:

Human Bio-signals are direct indicators of a person’s health condition. Hence, a wide variety of equipment’s are available in the market to monitor these vital bio-signals. But, almost all these equipment’s are wired and wireless increase in number of patients results in wiring harness and additional devices and separate maintenance to be taken. This project uses a PLC devices. The transmission range is up to200 km also. This project aims at constructing a biomedical signal acquisition system that captures multiple bio medical signals and transfer the data to a monitoring unit

More complex patients to manage:

As our population ages, every provider will care for rising numbers of patients with multiple chronic conditions. Twenty-six percent of adults and 68% of Medicare beneficiaries now have multiple chronic conditions (MCC). This matters because as the number of conditions rises for any given person, their clinical outcomes—with respect to mortality, hospitalizations, readmissions, adverse drug events, quality of life, and functional status—worsen. However, to date, health systems have traditionally treated such patients condition by condition, resulting in fragmented care and patients shuffling between multiple providers. Health systems need to accelerate progress toward true patient-centered and person-centered car

PROPOSED:

The concept of this project has vast potential for further extensions and advancements. Real-time automated medical monitoring using PLC sensor nodes will redefine not only hospital care, but also work, home and recreational activities. In the new era of connectivity, marked by the explosive number of electronic devices and the need for smart and pervasive applications, Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications are an emerging technology that enables the PLC device interconnection without the need of human interaction. The use of M2M technology can bring to life a wide range of Health applications, with considerable benefits for both patients and healthcare providers. Many technological challenges have to be met, however, to ensure the widespread adoption of Health solutions in the future. In this context, we aim to provide a comprehensive survey on M2M systems for Health applications from a wireless communication perspective. An end-to-end holistic approach is adopted, focusing on different communication aspects of the M2M architecture.

What is PLC?

Power-line communication (PLC) carries data on a conductor that is also used simultaneously for AC electric power transmission or electric power distribution to consumers. It is also known as power-line carrier. Typically transformers prevent propagating the signal, which requires multiple technologies to form very large networks. Various data rates and frequencies are used in different situations.

Key Benefits of Power line Communication:

Building a communication channel can be challenging when distance between parties is long or carrying a communication cable is not effective or possible. We provide Power line Serial Communication Module that utilizes the existing power line infrastructure, both indoor and outdoor, for networking and communication thereby eliminating the expense and inconvenience of new wires or antenna-based networks.

– No need to carry additional wires for communication

– Uses existing power line

– Ideal solution for Monitoring, Automation and Control

Software Libraries Used:

  • PIC18F Device Driver Library.
  • Sensors: ADC device drivers.
  • PLC Driver Library.

Software Tools Used:                   

  • Programming Language : Embedded C
  • Development Tool :         MPLAB IDE 8.56v
  • Compiler :         C18

Embedded Protocols Used:

  • I2C – (Inter integrated circuit ) Serial communication Protocol
  • UART -(Universal Asynchronous Receiver & Transmitter) : Protocol

Hardware used:

  • Microcontroller : PIC 18f45j11.
  • PLC Module : Power Line communication.
  • Digital Display : 16X2 LCD.
  • Buzzer : Alarm.
  • Battery / Adaptor :Battery 12V ,1.2 Amps
  • I/O Expander : PCF8574AP.
  • Heart Beat Sensor : To Detect Pulse.
  • LM35 : Temperature Sensor.
  • Level Sensor : Saline Level.

    M2M: MULTIPLE PATIENT HEALTH MONITORING FROM ONE PLACE USING POWER LINE COMMUNICATION

    Block Diagram

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